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J Abnorm Child Psychol.
14 Physical abuse often does not occur in isolation, but as part of a constellation of behaviors including authoritarian control, anxiety-provoking behavior, and a lack of parental warmth.Archived from the original on Further reading edit Crosson-Tower,.13 Physical abuse edit Among professionals and the general public, people often do not agree on what behaviors constitute physical abuse of a child.The American Psychological Association.Citation needed Bruises, scratches, burns, broken bones, lacerations as well as repeated "mishaps and rough treatment that could cause physical injuries can be physical abuse."Switzerland's shame: The children used as cheap farm labour".Washington State Department of Health.
165 United States edit The National Research Council wrote in 1993 that ".the available evidence suggests that child abuse and neglect is an crack sound forge 8.0 important, prevalent problem in the United States.Lazareva, Inna (13 February 2019).Studies indicate that such abusive treatment often involves parents attributing conflict to their child's willfulness or rejection, as well as "coercive family dynamics and conditioned emotional responses".President Barack Obama continued that tradition by declaring April 2009 Child Abuse Prevention Month.Child Abuse and Neglect.35 In over one-third of cases, opel kadett 19746 manual the perpetrator is also a minor.Journal of Marriage and Family, 68(5 12611275.It is supported by one randomized study."The scania truck driving simulator bus mods seek Model of Pediatric Primary Care: Can Child Maltreatment Be Prevented in a Low-Risk Population?".Isbn a b Durrant, Joan; Ensom, Ron (4 September 2012).In addition to possible immediate adverse physical effects, household dysfunction and childhood maltreatment are strongly associated with many chronic physical and psychological effects, including subsequent ill-health in childhood, 71 adolescence 72 and adulthood, with higher rates of chronic conditions, high-risk health behaviors and shortened lifespan.20 Often, physical abuse as a child can lead to physical and mental difficulties in the future, including re-victimization, personality disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, dissociative disorders, depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, eating disorders, substance abuse, and aggression.Archived from the original on Retrieved 24 December 2012.Child Abuse and Neglect: Challenges and Opportunities.Children resulting from unintended pregnancies are more likely to be abused or neglected.